Linen Fabrics: Its History, Properties and Advantages
Linen fibre, yarn, and cloth derived from the flax plant. One of the first textile fibres used by humans is flax, and prehistoric lake houses in Switzerland have shown signs of its use. Ancient Egyptian tombs have yielded fine linen textiles for discovery. Plant stalks are subjected to a number of processes, including retting, drying, crushing, and pounding, in order to get the fibre.
History of Linen Fabrics
As early as 7000 BCE, flax was one of the earliest crops to be grown in the fertile crescent. As far back as 6000 BCE, Dead Sea linen items have been discovered. According to Swiss lake findings, the first linen objects in Europe date to about 4000 BCE. The commerce in linen is said to have begun with the invention of flax weaving by the Babylonians. But in the ancient world, linen was most associated with the Egyptians. Textiles found in Egyptian tombs have been astonishingly well-preserved because to the desert's unusually dry atmosphere. Bolts of linen fabric, exquisite linen gowns, tunics, and linen household items have all been discovered in pharaoh's tombs in addition to the kilometres of linen used to wrap the mummies. For many years after the Ancient Egyptians, linen remained a basic fabric for apparel in the West.
Numerous references to linen in Indian history may be found in sacred texts like the Vedas, Puranas, and Upanishads as well as in classical literature. These references are made in reference to linen's beauty, holiness, fineness, softness, and regal insignia. In ancient Indian scriptures, the phrases "ksauma," "kauseya," "avikayoh," and "karpasa" were used to denote clothing composed of linen, silk, wool, and cotton, respectively. Dukula is a term for fine linen. Similar to the textile history of ancient India, the histories of Europe and Egypt demonstrate how fine garments for royalty and the affluent bourgeoisie were made from linen.
A new born baby must be dressed in linen, and the beds in a neonatal critical care unit must be covered with linen. A particular type of grass known as flax produces linen (Satpatha Brahmana). In the Vedic literature, hymns to warp, weft, looms, and female weavers were specifically mentioned. When spinning and weaving, different Vedic hymns were performed, and decorated garments might be a source of uplifting, holistic energy.
In the Indian state of Bihar, Bhagalpur is a city and municipal entity situated on the Ganges' southern bank. The major city in Bihar's Eastern area is Bhagalpuri, which is also the third-largest city in the state overall. Since the city's linen and silk industries have produced a variety of distinctive handicrafts for generations, Bhagalpur has earned the moniker "Handloom City" in India. The city where numerous handloom and artisan businesses are located houses the Silk Institute and Agricultural University.
Bihar has more than 90,000 weavers in total. The top handloom manufacturer of silk and linen is said to be in Bhagalpur. Bhagalpur is home to strong traditional clusters and a more than 100-year-old linen and silk weaving industry with an estimated 30,000 handicraftsmen operating on 25,000 handlooms. There was a group of low-paid people in Bhagalpur who knitted as part of their family traditions. In Bhagalpur, there are over 50,000 handicrafts, of which 35,000 are woven by hand and 90% are made by employees.
One liner for linen
- Linen the old gold of the textile industry
- Lavish, magnificent and affordable
- Quick dry, cool and breezy perfect for the sunlit summer look
- Durability, brilliance, with beautiful draping
- Breathable, strong, lustrous, simply extraordinary