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Bagru Print Fabrics: A Timeless Artistry

15 Jun 2023 0 Comments
Bagru Print Fabrics


When it comes to traditional Indian textiles, bagru print fabrics hold a special place. These fabrics, which are renowned for their intricate patterns and vivid colours, have long formed a part of India's rich traditional legacy. The distinctive block printing method used to manufacture Bagru print fabrics was developed in the small Indian town of Bagru in the state of Rajasthan. We will delve further into the world of bagru print fabrics in this post, learning about their history, method of creation, cultural importance, and more.

Bagru Print Fabrics: A Historical Perspective

Tracing the Origins of Bagru Print Fabrics

Bagru print fabrics have a fascinating history that dates back to the medieval era. The Chhipa community, a group of artists renowned for their ability in textile printing, reintroduced the skill of block printing to Bagru. The Rajasthani Rajput kings who supported the craft developed it because they appreciated its splendour and promise.

Cultural Significance of Bagru Print Fabrics

Bagru print fabrics are not just mere textiles; they carry deep cultural significance. They showcase the state's rich tradition and are an essential component of Rajasthan's culture. Bagru print fabrics frequently feature floral, avian, and animal prints and designs, as well as geometric shapes influenced by architectural forms.

Also read about: Bagru Block Prints: Discover An Artistic Flair On Fabrics

The Process of Creating Bagru Print Fabrics

Step 1: Preparation of the Fabric

The first step in creating bagru print fabrics is preparing the fabric itself. Traditionally, fabrics like cotton or silk are used for block printing. The fabric is washed thoroughly to remove any impurities and then soaked in a mixture of water and a natural mordant-like alum to enhance colour absorption.

Step 2: Designing the Patterns

Once the fabric is ready, skilled artisans begin designing the patterns for block printing. This is a meticulous process that requires precision and creativity. Each block serves as a representation of a specific design element and is hand-carved with the designs.

Step 3: Printing with Natural Dyes

The next step is the actual printing process. The artisans dip the wooden blocks into natural dyes made from various sources like indigo, turmeric, pomegranate, and more. The block is then carefully pressed onto the fabric, creating the desired pattern. This process is repeated multiple times, aligning the blocks perfectly to create a seamless design.

Step 4: Drying and Finishing

After the printing is complete, the fabric is left to dry naturally in the sun. This helps the dyes to set and ensures the longevity of the print. Once dried, the fabric is washed again to remove any excess dye and then treated with a fixative to make the colours permanent.

Bagru Print Fabrics: A Versatile Artform

Apparel and Accessories

Bagru print fabrics find extensive use in the fashion industry. They are used to create a wide range of garments, including sarees, salwar suits, kurtas, and dupattas. The vibrant colours and intricate designs of bagru print fabrics add a touch of elegance and tradition to any outfit. Additionally, these fabrics are also used to make accessories like scarves, stoles, and handbags, allowing people to incorporate a piece of Indian heritage into their everyday lives.

Home Furnishings

The beauty of bagru print fabrics extends beyond clothing. They are also widely used in home furnishing products like bedspreads, curtains, tablecloths, and cushion covers. The vibrant colours and intricate patterns of bagru print fabrics can transform any living space, adding a touch of traditional charm and sophistication.

Frequently Asked Questions about Bagru Print Fabrics

Q: Are bagru print fabrics eco-friendly?

A: Yes, bagru print fabrics are eco-friendly as they are made using natural dyes derived from plants and minerals. This makes them a sustainable and environmentally conscious choice.

Q: How do I care for bagru print fabrics?

A: To care for bagru print fabrics, it is best to hand wash them in cold water using mild detergent. Avoid soaking them for too long and do not wring or twist the fabric. Dry them in the shade to prevent fading.

Q: Can I find bagru print fabrics online?

A: Yes, there are numerous e-commerce sites and online marketplaces that provide a large selection of bagru print fabrics. Make sure to select a dependable merchant who offers genuine, premium goods.

Q: Are bagru print fabrics suitable for all seasons?

A: Yes, bagru print fabrics are versatile and can be worn in all seasons. Cotton bagru print fabrics are ideal for hot summers, while silk or blended fabrics are suitable for colder seasons.

Q: Can bagru print fabrics be customized?

A: Yes, many artisans and designers offer customization services for bagru print fabrics. You can discuss your requirements and preferences with them to create a unique and personalized piece.

Q: Is bagru print fabric expensive?

A: The price of bagru print fabrics differs based on a number of elements, including the fabric's quality, the complexity of the pattern, and the level of artistry. Even if certain items could be more costly there are also solutions to fit various budgets.


Bagru print fabrics are not just textiles; they are a testament to the rich cultural heritage of India. The intricate designs, vibrant colours, and eco-friendly production process make bagru print fabrics truly special. Whether you wear them as clothing or use them to adorn your living space, these fabrics add a touch of elegance and tradition to your lifestyle. So, embrace the timeless artistry of bagru print fabrics and experience the beauty of Indian craftsmanship firsthand.

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